Street Prostitution in Amsterdam
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This article is about street prostitution in the Dutch city of Amsterdam.
Period to 1970
Late 19th century, and possibly much earlier, in the vicinity of the seafront and the Wall on the Old Silk gevigileerd, or street prostitution customers touted. Elsewhere in the city happened when little or no. After the Amsterdam brothels of 1897 and the nationwide ban on brothels in 1911 took over the street prostitution. In 1935, states Amsterdam a vigileerverbod (= streetwalker ban) in. After taking 1945 and outside the Netherlands throughout the lift or shoulder to prostitution, the prostitute along highways offers to passing motorists, and usually sexual intercourse takes place in the car. Gradually, the term "soliciting prostitution" only or mostly to this form of prostitution. In Amsterdam routes are the streetwalkers in this decade along Leidsestraat, Weteringschans and Frederiksplein.
1970 - 1990
From the year 1970 show in Amsterdam, as everywhere in Europe, many street prostitutes addicted to drugs. Presumably then takes the number of complaints from citizens and agencies to ensure nuisance of street prostitution. In the 80 street prostitution takes place, especially, in the Utrechtsestraat district. Then moves it then to the De Ruyter Quay to Central Station and the Piet Hein Kade in the Eastern Docklands.
Tippelzone Theemsweg (1996 - 2003)
In the 90s, trouble behind the Central Station, probably the reason to set an official prostitution area. This is planned to Theemsweg in the Western Harbour area, and opened in 1996. Besides reducing nuisance were other, by the politically set, goals may be: focus on street prostitution, enhancing the safety of prostitutes, improve their economic bargaining power. The prostitution area was a "living room" set, which includes medical assistance was provided to the prostitutes. From the beginning were mainly addicted prostitutes - whose main aim was presumably the zone - way of the zone, because the location was inaccessible and unattractive to them.
Wave of illegal immigrants
After October 2000, when rural brothel ban is lifted, take over the Netherlands the number of Eastern European street prostitutes increased. They are two ways to "illegal": without valid residence or status in the Netherlands without a work permit. Also in the Amsterdam streetwalkers' zone they are present, often accompanied by non-prostitutes, also referred to as "pimps and traffickers." At one point defines a large group of illegal Bulgarian and Romanian women, the image of the Theemsweg.
There are reports that "crime" around soliciting areas increased or "organized crime in the form of trafficking" and "violent" and "nuisance" increased, and that there "was evidence of forced prostitution" . Other sources also speak of some arms and some drugs on the prostitution area.
The exact course of events thereafter is unclear. A source says: The police sent the illegal prostitutes away and put police officers on duty, then kept the customers away, then continued to the other prostitutes away, then closed the town's area. The City of Amsterdam said: "measures against illegal underage prostitution and involuntary did not have the desired effect," "organized crime was very present," the inconvenience was too great". Certainly, in any case, the municipality decided zone at December 15, 2003 closing. It worked when another fifteen Dutch non-addicted women. Since closure of the prostitution area around Central Station is back, or still soliciting prostitution instead of a group of addicted women.
The "Oudkerk affair"
Het Parool reports that around 17 January 2004 the Amsterdam police, Amsterdam alderman Rob Oudkerk has regularly reported to the Theemsweg the time I get Tippelzone was. Then said Mayor Cohen Sunday, Jan. 18 in the television Buitenhof that the Amsterdam police reported him, Oudkerk have signaled to the prostitution area and that he Theemsweg Oudkerk in late 2002 called on them. Then writes the Christian newspaper Trouw on January 19: "Oudkerk would frequently prostitutes have visited the disputed tippelzone the Theemsweg" followed by facts and rumors Oudkerk privacy and negative reactions from politicians, followed by negative feedback of Allegiance. Then message on January 19 also NRC Handelsblad most of the above rumors and more rumors to get there again. Monday January 19 will Amsterdam PvdA - city council meeting and Rob Oudkerk and night Oudkerk announced that his group's confidence in him has resigned and that he therefore would resign. PvdA leader Tjalling Halbertsma gives as explanation that a smear campaign of stories and reports Oudkerk has made it impossible to work and the Labour Group had to terminate the trust in Oudkerk.